Lorain, Ohio Demographics (select)

1990 Census of Population and Housing
   040 Ohio
   160    Lorain city

URBAN AND RURAL RESIDENCE
     Total population...............................................     71,245
Urban population....................................................     71,245
    Percent of total population.....................................      100.0
Rural population....................................................          0
    Percent of total population.....................................        0.0
  Farm population...................................................          0

SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
     Persons 3 years and over enrolled in school....................     18,524
Preprimary school...................................................        956
Elementary or high school...........................................     14,219
  Percent in private school.........................................       10.3
College.............................................................      3,349

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
  Persons 25 years and over.........................................     44,066
Less than 9th grade.................................................      5,050
9th to 12th grade, no diploma.......................................      9,266
High school graduate................................................     16,816
Some college, no degree.............................................      6,968
Associates degree...................................................      2,588
Bachelor's degree...................................................      2,222
Graduate or professional degree.....................................      1,156

Percent high school graduate or higher..............................       67.5
Percent bachelor's degree or higher.................................        7.7

RESIDENCE IN 1985
      Persons 5 years and over......................................     65,509
Lived in same house.................................................     39,562
Lived in different house in U.S.....................................     25,168
  Same State........................................................     21,978
    Same county.....................................................     19,858
    Different county................................................      2,120
  Different State...................................................      3,190
Lived abroad........................................................        779

DISABILITY OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS
      Persons 16 to 64 years........................................     43,196
With a mobility or self-care limitation.............................      2,683
  With a mobility limitation........................................      1,210
  With a self-care limitation.......................................      1,990
With a work disability..............................................      4,381
    In labor force..................................................      1,455
  Prevented from working............................................      2,575
      Persons 65 years and over.....................................      9,062
With a mobility or self-care limitation.............................      1,991
  With a mobility limitation........................................      1,611
  With a self-care limitation.......................................      1,188

CHILDREN EVER BORN PER 1,000 WOMEN
Women 15 to 24 years................................................        423
Women 25 to 34 years................................................      1,660
Women 35 to 44 years................................................      2,162

VETERAN STATUS
Civilian veterans 16 years and over.................................      8,597
  65 years and over.................................................      2,344

NATIVITY AND PLACE OF BIRTH
Native population...................................................     69,277
    Percent born in state of residence..............................       72.5
Foreign-born population.............................................      1,968
  Entered the U.S. 1980 to 1990.....................................        109

LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME
    Persons 5 years and over........................................     65,509
Speak a language other than English.................................     11,396
    Do not speak English 'very well'................................      4,441
  Speak Spanish.....................................................      8,084
    Do not speak English 'very well'................................      3,523
  Speak Asian or Pacific Island language............................        103
    Do not speak English 'very well'................................         22

ANCESTRY
  Total ancestries reported.........................................     88,696
Arab................................................................        327
Austrian............................................................        105
Belgian.............................................................         28
Canadian............................................................         71
Czech...............................................................        402
Danish..............................................................        134
Dutch...............................................................      1,205
English.............................................................      5,622
Finnish.............................................................         28
French (except Basque)..............................................      1,272
French Canadian.....................................................        208
German..............................................................     15,742
Greek...............................................................        501
Hungarian...........................................................      4,320
Irish...............................................................      9,888
Italian.............................................................      4,781
Lithuanian..........................................................        218
Norwegian...........................................................        133
Polish..............................................................      6,230
Portuguese..........................................................         69
Romanian............................................................        231
Russian.............................................................        793
Scotch-Irish........................................................      1,037
Scottish............................................................        823
Slovak..............................................................      4,605
Subsaharan African..................................................         96
Swedish.............................................................        451
Swiss...............................................................        256
Ukrainian...........................................................        649
United States or American...........................................      1,860
Welsh...............................................................        552
West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups)......................         51
Yugoslavian.........................................................      1,205
Other ancestries....................................................     24,803

LABOR FORCE STATUS
      Persons 16 years and over.....................................     52,884
In labor force......................................................     30,677
      Percent in labor force........................................       58.0
  Civilian labor force..............................................     30,622
    Employed........................................................     27,762
    Unemployed......................................................      2,860
      Percent unemployed............................................        9.3
  Armed Forces......................................................         55
Not in labor force..................................................     22,207

      Males 16 years and over.......................................     24,357
In labor force......................................................     16,806
      Percent in labor force........................................       69.0
  Civilian labor force..............................................     16,754
    Employed........................................................     15,229
    Unemployed......................................................      1,525
      Percent unemployed............................................        9.1
  Armed Forces......................................................         52
Not in labor force..................................................      7,551

      Females 16 years and over.....................................     28,527
In labor force......................................................     13,871
      Percent in labor force........................................       48.6
  Civilian labor force..............................................     13,868
    Employed........................................................     12,533
    Unemployed......................................................      1,335
      Percent unemployed............................................        9.6
  Armed Forces......................................................          3
Not in labor force..................................................     14,656

      Females 16 years and over.....................................     28,527
With own children under 6 years.....................................      4,715
  Percent in labor force............................................       50.9
With own children 6 to 17 years only................................      5,146
  Percent in labor force............................................       64.2

           Own children under 6 years in families and subfamilies...      6,851
All parents present in household in labor force.....................      3,410

    Own children 6 to 17 years in families and subfamilies..........     13,077
All parents present in household in labor force.....................      7,475

    Persons 16 to 19 years..........................................      4,163
Not enrolled in school and not high school graduate.................        456
  Employed or in Armed Forces.......................................        112
  Unemployed........................................................        132
  Not in labor force................................................        212

COMMUTING TO WORK
  Workers 16 years and over.........................................     27,210
Percent drove alone.................................................       81.5
Percent in carpools.................................................       13.4
Percent using public transportation.................................        0.8
Percent using other means...........................................        0.7
Percent walked or worked at home....................................        3.5
Mean travel time to work (minutes)..................................       19.4

       OCCUPATION
  Employed persons 16 years and over................................     27,762
Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations...............      2,081
Professional specialty occupations..................................      2,720
Technicians and related support occupations.........................      1,135
Sales occupations...................................................      2,647
Administrative support occupations, including clerical..............      4,073
Private household occupations.......................................         49
Protective service occupations......................................        428
Service occupations, except protective and household................      4,020
Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations..........................        335
Precision production, craft, and repair occupations.................      3,578
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors.......................      4,131
Transportation and material moving occupations......................      1,143
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.................      1,422

INDUSTRY
  Employed person 16 years and over.................................     27,762
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries................................        319
Mining..............................................................         21
Construction........................................................      1,342
Manufacturing, nondurable goods.....................................      1,190
Manufacturing, durable goods........................................      7,107
Transportation......................................................        947
Communications and other public utilities...........................        958
Wholesale trade.....................................................        690
Retail trade........................................................      4,817
Finance, insurance, and real estate.................................      1,187
Business and repair services........................................        844
Personal services...................................................        713
Entertainment, and recreation services..............................        364
Health services.....................................................      3,031
Educational services................................................      1,984
Other professional and related services.............................      1,298
Public administration...............................................        950

CLASS OF WORKER
  Employed persons 16 years and over................................     27,762
Private wage and salary workers.....................................     23,593
Government workers..................................................      3,309
  Local government workers..........................................      2,328
  State government workers..........................................        410
  Federal government workers........................................        571
Self-employed workers...............................................        800
Unpaid family workers...............................................         60

INCOME IN 1989
  Households........................................................     26,185
Less than $5,000....................................................      2,648
$5,000 to $9,999....................................................      2,806
$10,000 to $14,999..................................................      2,962
$15,000 to $24,999..................................................      5,023
$25,000 to $34,999..................................................      4,113
$35,000 to $49,999..................................................      4,694
$50,000 to $74,999..................................................      3,098
$75,000 to $99,999..................................................        630
$100,000 to $149,999................................................        125
$150,000 or more....................................................         86
Median household income (dollars)...................................     24,123

  Families..........................................................     19,008
Less than $5,000....................................................      1,649
$5,000 to $9,999....................................................      1,291
$10,000 to $14,999..................................................      1,744
$15,000 to $24,999..................................................      3,441
$25,000 to $34,999..................................................      3,314
$35,000 to $49,999..................................................      3,977
$50,000 to $74,999..................................................      2,830
$75,000 to $99,999..................................................        571
$100,000 to $149,999................................................        112
$150,000 or more....................................................         79
Median family income (dollars)......................................     29,304

  Nonfamily households..............................................      7,177
Less than $5,000....................................................      1,137
$5,000 to $9,999....................................................      1,525
$10,000 to $14,999..................................................      1,188
$15,000 to $24,999..................................................      1,605
$25,000 to $34,999..................................................        798
$35,000 to $49,999..................................................        648
$50,000 to $74,999..................................................        222
$75,000 to $99,999..................................................         40
$100,000 to $149,999................................................          7
$150,000 or more....................................................          7
Median nonfamily household income (dollars).........................     13,745

Per capita income (dollars).........................................     10,676

INCOME TYPE IN 1989
      Households....................................................     26,185
With wage and salary income.........................................     18,424
  Mean wage and salary income (dollars).............................     31,036
With nonfarm self-employment income.................................      1,421
  Mean nonfarm self-employment income (dollars).....................     12,118
With farm self-employment income....................................         77
  Mean farm self-employment income (dollars)........................      4,849
With Social Security income.........................................      7,848
  Mean Social Security income (dollars).............................      8,139
With public assistance income.......................................      3,790
  Mean public assistance income (dollars)...........................      3,843
With retirement income..............................................      5,704
  Mean retirement income (dollars)..................................      7,106

POVERTY STATUS IN 1989
  All persons for whom poverty status is determined.................     70,433
    Below poverty level.............................................     13,980

Persons 18 years and over...........................................     50,051
    Below poverty level.............................................      7,493
  Persons 65 years and over.........................................      9,062
    Below poverty level.............................................        962

Related children under 18 years.....................................     20,321
    Below poverty level.............................................      6,426
  Related children under 5 years....................................      5,647
    Below poverty level.............................................      2,096
  Related children 5 to 17 years....................................     14,674
    Below poverty level.............................................      4,330

Unrelated individuals...............................................      9,066
    Below poverty level.............................................      2,419

  All families......................................................     19,008
    Below poverty level.............................................      3,151
With related children under 18 years................................     10,432
    Below poverty level.............................................      2,764
  With related children under 5 years...............................      4,405
    Below poverty level.............................................      1,439

  Female householder families.......................................      4,181
    Below poverty level.............................................      2,000
With related children under 18 years................................      3,046
    Below poverty level.............................................      1,868
  With related children under 5 years...............................      1,203
    Below poverty level.............................................        919

       Percent below poverty level:
       ----------------------------

All persons.........................................................       19.8%
  Persons 18 years and over.........................................       15.0%
    Persons 65 years and over.......................................       10.6%
  Related children under 18 years...................................       31.6%
    Related children under 5 years..................................       37.1%
    Related children 5 to 17 years..................................       29.5%
  Unrelated individuals.............................................       26.7%

All families........................................................       16.6%
  With related children under 18 years..............................       26.5%
    With related children under 5 years.............................       32.7%

Female householder families.........................................       47.8%
  With related children under 18 years..............................       61.3%
    With related children under 5 years.............................       76.4%

      Total housing units...........................................     27,544

YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT
1989 to March 1990..................................................        155
1985 to 1988........................................................        257
1980 to 1984........................................................      1,083
1970 to 1979........................................................      4,223
1960 to 1969........................................................      5,600
1950 to 1959........................................................      6,088
1940 to 1949........................................................      3,487
1939 or earlier.....................................................      6,651

BEDROOMS
No bedroom..........................................................        528
1 bedroom...........................................................      2,681
2 bedrooms..........................................................      7,875
3 bedrooms..........................................................     12,997
4 bedrooms..........................................................      2,901
5 or more bedrooms..................................................        562

SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS
Lacking complete plumbing facilities................................         88
Lacking complete kitchen facilities.................................        126
Condominium housing units...........................................        387

SOURCE OF WATER
Public system or private company....................................     27,537
Individual drilled well.............................................          7
Individual dug well.................................................          0
Some other source...................................................          0

SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Public sewer........................................................     27,264
Septic tank or cesspool.............................................        229
Other means.........................................................         51

      Occupied housing units........................................     26,198

HOUSE HEATING FUEL
Utility gas.........................................................     21,710
Bottled, tank, or LP gas............................................        218
Electricity.........................................................      3,566
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.............................................        156
Coal or coke........................................................          4
Wood................................................................        111
Solar energy........................................................         10
Other fuel..........................................................        324
No fuel used........................................................         99

YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT
1989 to March 1990..................................................      4,710
1985 to 1988........................................................      6,680
1980 to 1984........................................................      2,778
1970 to 1979........................................................      4,436
1960 to 1969........................................................      3,647
1959 or earlier.....................................................      3,947

TELEPHONE
No telephone in unit................................................      2,269

VEHICLES AVAILABLE
  Occupied housing units............................................     26,198
None................................................................      3,458
1...................................................................      9,884
2...................................................................      9,053
3 or more...........................................................      3,803

MORTGAGE STATUS AND SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS
Specified owner-occupied housing units..............................     14,830
  With a mortgage...................................................      8,116
    Less than $300..................................................        557
    $300 to $499....................................................      2,847
    $500 to $699....................................................      2,792
    $700 to $999....................................................      1,507
    $1,000 to $1,499................................................        380
    $1,500 to $1,999................................................         13
    $2,000 or more..................................................         20
    Median (dollars)................................................        543
  Not mortgaged.....................................................      6,714
    Less than $100..................................................        104
    $100 to $199....................................................      3,044
    $200 to $299....................................................      2,972
    $300 to $399....................................................        394
    $400 or more....................................................        200
    Median (dollars)................................................        205

SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD  INCOME IN 1989
Specified owner-occupied housing units..............................     14,830
  Less than 20 percent..............................................      9,960
  20 to 24 percent..................................................      1,659
  25 to 29 percent..................................................        942
  30 to 34 percent..................................................        659
  35 percent or more................................................      1,498
  Not computed......................................................        112
 


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David Huskins at  dhuskin@uakron.edu