Parma, Ohio Demographics (select)

1990 Census of Population and Housing
   040 Ohio
   050    Cuyahoga County
   060       Parma City

URBAN AND RURAL RESIDENCE
     Total population...............................................     87,876
Urban population....................................................     87,876
    Percent of total population.....................................      100.0
Rural population....................................................          0
    Percent of total population.....................................        0.0
  Farm population...................................................          0

SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
     Persons 3 years and over enrolled in school....................     19,299
Preprimary school...................................................      1,509
Elementary or high school...........................................     12,288
  Percent in private school.........................................       25.3
College.............................................................      5,502

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
  Persons 25 years and over.........................................     62,174
Less than 9th grade.................................................      4,457
9th to 12th grade, no diploma.......................................      9,917
High school graduate................................................     23,864
Some college, no degree.............................................     11,140
Associates degree...................................................      3,307
Bachelor's degree...................................................      6,827
Graduate or professional degree.....................................      2,662

Percent high school graduate or higher..............................       76.9
Percent bachelor's degree or higher.................................       15.3

RESIDENCE IN 1985
      Persons 5 years and over......................................     82,382
Lived in same house.................................................     54,805
Lived in different house in U.S.....................................     27,151
  Same State........................................................     24,459
    Same county.....................................................     22,178
    Different county................................................      2,281
  Different State...................................................      2,692
Lived abroad........................................................        426

DISABILITY OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS
      Persons 16 to 64 years........................................     54,234
With a mobility or self-care limitation.............................      2,060
  With a mobility limitation........................................      1,007
  With a self-care limitation.......................................      1,416
With a work disability..............................................      3,869
    In labor force..................................................      1,704
  Prevented from working............................................      1,750
      Persons 65 years and over.....................................     15,919
With a mobility or self-care limitation.............................      3,276
  With a mobility limitation........................................      2,347
  With a self-care limitation.......................................      1,913

CHILDREN EVER BORN PER 1,000 WOMEN
Women 15 to 24 years................................................        125
Women 25 to 34 years................................................      1,074
Women 35 to 44 years................................................      1,861

VETERAN STATUS
Civilian veterans 16 years and over.................................     11,463
  65 years and over.................................................      4,223

NATIVITY AND PLACE OF BIRTH
Native population...................................................     80,353
    Percent born in state of residence..............................       85.1
Foreign-born population.............................................      7,523
  Entered the U.S. 1980 to 1990.....................................      1,028

LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME
    Persons 5 years and over........................................     82,382
Speak a language other than English.................................     11,224
    Do not speak English 'very well'................................      4,276
  Speak Spanish.....................................................        491
    Do not speak English 'very well'................................        163
  Speak Asian or Pacific Island language............................        488
    Do not speak English 'very well'................................        171

ANCESTRY
  Total ancestries reported.........................................    120,938
Arab................................................................      1,429
Austrian............................................................        523
Belgian.............................................................         24
Canadian............................................................        126
Czech...............................................................      3,932
Danish..............................................................        120
Dutch...............................................................        686
English.............................................................      6,425
Finnish.............................................................        127
French (except Basque)..............................................      1,543
French Canadian.....................................................        293
German..............................................................     26,348
Greek...............................................................      1,197
Hungarian...........................................................      5,746
Irish...............................................................     12,379
Italian.............................................................     11,827
Lithuanian..........................................................        413
Norwegian...........................................................        169
Polish..............................................................     16,218
Portuguese..........................................................         43
Romanian............................................................        542
Russian.............................................................      1,459
Scotch-Irish........................................................        821
Scottish............................................................      1,157
Slovak..............................................................     12,603
Subsaharan African..................................................         30
Swedish.............................................................        622
Swiss...............................................................        359
Ukrainian...........................................................      3,743
United States or American...........................................      1,626
Welsh...............................................................        663
West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups)......................          0
Yugoslavian.........................................................      2,436
Other ancestries....................................................      5,309

LABOR FORCE STATUS
      Persons 16 years and over.....................................     71,239
In labor force......................................................     43,999
      Percent in labor force........................................       61.8
  Civilian labor force..............................................     43,910
    Employed........................................................     42,325
    Unemployed......................................................      1,585
      Percent unemployed............................................        3.6
  Armed Forces......................................................         89
Not in labor force..................................................     27,240

      Males 16 years and over.......................................     33,342
In labor force......................................................     23,730
      Percent in labor force........................................       71.2
  Civilian labor force..............................................     23,650
    Employed........................................................     22,654
    Unemployed......................................................        996
      Percent unemployed............................................        4.2
  Armed Forces......................................................         80
Not in labor force..................................................      9,612

      Females 16 years and over.....................................     37,897
In labor force......................................................     20,269
      Percent in labor force........................................       53.5
  Civilian labor force..............................................     20,260
    Employed........................................................     19,671
    Unemployed......................................................        589
      Percent unemployed............................................        2.9
  Armed Forces......................................................          9
Not in labor force..................................................     17,628

      Females 16 years and over.....................................     37,897
With own children under 6 years.....................................      4,869
  Percent in labor force............................................       57.3
With own children 6 to 17 years only................................      4,916
  Percent in labor force............................................       77.5

           Own children under 6 years in families and subfamilies...      6,426
All parents present in household in labor force.....................      3,614

    Own children 6 to 17 years in families and subfamilies..........     11,838
All parents present in household in labor force.....................      8,105

    Persons 16 to 19 years..........................................      3,855
Not enrolled in school and not high school graduate.................        246
  Employed or in Armed Forces.......................................        107
  Unemployed........................................................         48
  Not in labor force................................................         91

COMMUTING TO WORK
  Workers 16 years and over.........................................     41,600
Percent drove alone.................................................       81.6
Percent in carpools.................................................       10.1
Percent using public transportation.................................        5.1
Percent using other means...........................................        0.3
Percent walked or worked at home....................................        2.8
Mean travel time to work (minutes)..................................       23.2

OCCUPATION
  Employed persons 16 years and over................................     42,325
Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations...............      5,182
Professional specialty occupations..................................      5,068
Technicians and related support occupations.........................      2,090
Sales occupations...................................................      5,328
Administrative support occupations, including clerical..............      8,905
Private household occupations.......................................         43
Protective service occupations......................................        703
Service occupations, except protective and household................     3,922
Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations..........................        160
Precision production, craft, and repair occupations.................      5,176
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors.......................      2,795
Transportation and material moving occupations......................      1,421
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.................      1,532

INDUSTRY
  Employed person 16 years and over.................................     42,325
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries................................        162
Mining..............................................................        155
Construction........................................................      1,949
Manufacturing, nondurable goods.....................................      2,762
Manufacturing, durable goods........................................      6,631
Transportation......................................................      1,773
Communications and other public utilities...........................      1,580
Wholesale trade.....................................................      2,295
Retail trade........................................................      7,650
Finance, insurance, and real estate.................................      3,213
Business and repair services........................................      2,081
Personal services...................................................        861
Entertainment, and recreation services..............................        410
Health services.....................................................      4,167
Educational services................................................      2,379
Other professional and related services.............................      2,825
Public administration...............................................      1,432

CLASS OF WORKER
  Employed persons 16 years and over................................     42,325
Private wage and salary workers.....................................     36,295
Government workers..................................................      4,569
  Local government workers..........................................      3,108
  State government workers..........................................        458
  Federal government workers........................................      1,003
Self-employed workers...............................................      1,342
Unpaid family workers...............................................        119

INCOME IN 1989
  Households........................................................     34,662
Less than $5,000....................................................        973
$5,000 to $9,999....................................................      2,305
$10,000 to $14,999..................................................      2,595
$15,000 to $24,999..................................................      5,866
$25,000 to $34,999..................................................      6,641
$35,000 to $49,999..................................................      8,118
$50,000 to $74,999..................................................      5,938
$75,000 to $99,999..................................................      1,581
$100,000 to $149,999................................................        506
$150,000 or more....................................................        139
Median household income (dollars)...................................     33,281

  Families..........................................................     25,234
Less than $5,000....................................................       392
$5,000 to $9,999....................................................        463
$10,000 to $14,999..................................................      1,210
$15,000 to $24,999..................................................      3,570
$25,000 to $34,999..................................................      5,054
$35,000 to $49,999..................................................      7,014
$50,000 to $74,999..................................................      5,506
$75,000 to $99,999..................................................      1,431
$100,000 to $149,999................................................        470
$150,000 or more....................................................        124
Median family income (dollars)......................................     38,978

  Nonfamily households..............................................      9,428
Less than $5,000....................................................        588
$5,000 to $9,999....................................................      1,852
$10,000 to $14,999..................................................      1,414
$15,000 to $24,999..................................................      2,349
$25,000 to $34,999..................................................      1,569
$35,000 to $49,999..................................................      1,123
$50,000 to $74,999..................................................        370
$75,000 to $99,999..................................................        118
$100,000 to $149,999................................................         35
$150,000 or more....................................................         10
Median nonfamily household income (dollars).........................     18,348

Per capita income (dollars).........................................     14,702

INCOME TYPE IN 1989
      Households....................................................     34,662
With wage and salary income.........................................     25,680
  Mean wage and salary income (dollars).............................     37,368
With nonfarm self-employment income.................................      2,427
  Mean nonfarm self-employment income (dollars).....................     13,331
With farm self-employment income....................................         85
  Mean farm self-employment income (dollars)........................      1,714
With Social Security income.........................................     12,911
  Mean Social Security income (dollars).............................      8,614
With public assistance income.......................................      1,088
  Mean public assistance income (dollars)...........................      4,187
With retirement income..............................................      8,420
  Mean retirement income (dollars)..................................      8,147

POVERTY STATUS IN 1989
  All persons for whom poverty status is determined.................     86,730
    Below poverty level.............................................      3,541

Persons 18 years and over...........................................     68,317
    Below poverty level.............................................      2,558
  Persons 65 years and over.........................................     15,919
    Below poverty level.............................................        743

Related children under 18 years.....................................     18,389
    Below poverty level.............................................        965
  Related children under 5 years....................................      5,465
    Below poverty level.............................................        273
  Related children 5 to 17 years....................................     12,924
    Below poverty level.............................................        692

Unrelated individuals...............................................     10,847
    Below poverty level.............................................      1,263

  All families......................................................     25,234
    Below poverty level.............................................        770
With related children under 18 years................................     10,096
    Below poverty level.............................................        536
  With related children under 5 years...............................      4,521
    Below poverty level.............................................        239

  Female householder families.......................................      3,291
    Below poverty level.............................................        417
With related children under 18 years................................      1,463
    Below poverty level.............................................        366
  With related children under 5 years...............................        424
    Below poverty level.............................................        150
 

       Percent below poverty level:
       ----------------------------

All persons.........................................................        4.1
  Persons 18 years and over.........................................        3.7
    Persons 65 years and over.......................................        4.7
  Related children under 18 years...................................        5.2
    Related children under 5 years..................................        5.0
    Related children 5 to 17 years..................................        5.4
  Unrelated individuals.............................................       11.6

All families........................................................        3.1
  With related children under 18 years..............................        5.3
    With related children under 5 years.............................        5.3

Female householder families.........................................       12.7
  With related children under 18 years..............................       25.0
    With related children under 5 years.............................       35.4

      Total housing units...........................................     35,589

YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT
1989 to March 1990..................................................        297
1985 to 1988........................................................        871
1980 to 1984........................................................        504
1970 to 1979........................................................      4,471
1960 to 1969........................................................      7,456
1950 to 1959........................................................     14,078
1940 to 1949........................................................      4,250
1939 or earlier.....................................................      3,662

BEDROOMS
No bedroom..........................................................        106
1 bedroom...........................................................      2,761
2 bedrooms..........................................................      7,357
3 bedrooms..........................................................     20,528
4 bedrooms..........................................................      4,328
5 or more bedrooms..................................................        509

SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS
Lacking complete plumbing facilities................................         80
Lacking complete kitchen facilities.................................        113
Condominium housing units...........................................        600

SOURCE OF WATER
Public system or private company....................................     35,566
Individual drilled well.............................................         11
Individual dug well.................................................          4
Some other source...................................................          8

SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Public sewer........................................................     34,273
Septic tank or cesspool.............................................      1,297
Other means.........................................................         19

      Occupied housing units........................................     34,685

HOUSE HEATING FUEL
Utility gas.........................................................     32,119
Bottled, tank, or LP gas............................................        181
Electricity.........................................................      2,004
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.............................................         48
Coal or coke........................................................          0
Wood................................................................         49
Solar energy........................................................          0
Other fuel..........................................................        224
No fuel used........................................................         60

YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT
1989 to March 1990..................................................      4,296
1985 to 1988........................................................      7,644
1980 to 1984........................................................      3,794
1970 to 1979........................................................      6,962
1960 to 1969........................................................      6,004
1959 or earlier.....................................................      5,985

TELEPHONE
No telephone in unit................................................        155

VEHICLES AVAILABLE
  Occupied housing units............................................     34,685
None................................................................      2,693
1...................................................................     12,421
2...................................................................     13,874
3 or more...........................................................      5,697

MORTGAGE STATUS AND SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS
Specified owner-occupied housing units..............................     25,811
  With a mortgage...................................................     13,729
    Less than $300..................................................        307
    $300 to $499....................................................      3,187
    $500 to $699....................................................      4,562
    $700 to $999....................................................      4,698
    $1,000 to $1,499................................................        902
    $1,500 to $1,999................................................         52
    $2,000 or more..................................................         21
    Median (dollars)................................................        652
  Not mortgaged.....................................................     12,082
    Less than $100..................................................         99
    $100 to $199....................................................      4,246
    $200 to $299....................................................      6,582
    $300 to $399....................................................        964
    $400 or more....................................................        191
    Median (dollars)................................................        220

SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD  INCOME IN 1989
Specified owner-occupied housing units..............................     25,811
  Less than 20 percent..............................................     17,434
  20 to 24 percent..................................................      3,507
  25 to 29 percent..................................................      1,913
  30 to 34 percent..................................................        896
  35 percent or more................................................      1,943
  Not computed......................................................        118

GROSS RENT
Specified renter-occupied housing units.............................      7,675
  Less than $200....................................................        114
  $200 to $299......................................................        186
  $300 to $499......................................................      4,478
  $500 to $749......................................................      2,391
  $750 to $999......................................................        227
  $1,000 or more....................................................         26
  No cash rent......................................................        253
  Median (dollars)..................................................        462
 

GROSS RENT AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN 1989
Specified renter-occupied housing units.............................      7,675
  Less than 20 percent..............................................      2,622
  20 to 24 percent..................................................      1,377
  25 to 29 percent..................................................        817
  30 to 34 percent..................................................        474
  35 percent or more................................................      2,035
  Not computed......................................................        350
 
 



 
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David Huskins at  dhuskin@uakron.edu