Youngstown, Ohio Demographics (select)

1990 Census of Population and Housing
   040 Ohio
   160    Youngstown city

URBAN AND RURAL RESIDENCE
     Total population...............................................     95,732
Urban population....................................................     95,732
    Percent of total population.....................................      100.0
Rural population....................................................          0
    Percent of total population.....................................        0.0
  Farm population...................................................          0

SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
     Persons 3 years and over enrolled in school....................     24,758
Preprimary school...................................................      1,601
Elementary or high school...........................................     17,457
  Percent in private school.........................................       16.8
College.............................................................      5,700

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
  Persons 25 years and over.........................................     61,609
Less than 9th grade.................................................      6,535
9th to 12th grade, no diploma.......................................     14,647
High school graduate................................................     23,562
Some college, no degree.............................................      9,666
Associates degree...................................................      2,078
Bachelor's degree...................................................      3,484
Graduate or professional degree.....................................      1,637

Percent high school graduate or higher..............................       65.6
Percent bachelor's degree or higher.................................        8.3

RESIDENCE IN 1985
      Persons 5 years and over......................................     88,604
Lived in same house.................................................     57,293
Lived in different house in U.S.....................................     30,718
  Same State........................................................     27,007
    Same county.....................................................     23,742
    Different county................................................      3,265
  Different State...................................................      3,711
Lived abroad........................................................        593

DISABILITY OF CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS
      Persons 16 to 64 years........................................     55,365
With a mobility or self-care limitation.............................      4,247
  With a mobility limitation........................................      2,368
  With a self-care limitation.......................................      3,039
With a work disability..............................................      8,153
    In labor force..................................................      2,028
  Prevented from working............................................      5,293
      Persons 65 years and over.....................................     16,454
With a mobility or self-care limitation.............................      3,708
  With a mobility limitation........................................      2,756
  With a self-care limitation.......................................      2,275

CHILDREN EVER BORN PER 1,000 WOMEN
Women 15 to 24 years................................................        495
Women 25 to 34 years................................................      1,585
Women 35 to 44 years................................................      2,199

VETERAN STATUS
Civilian veterans 16 years and over.................................     11,670
  65 years and over.................................................      4,060

NATIVITY AND PLACE OF BIRTH
Native population...................................................     92,853
    Percent born in state of residence..............................       75.4
Foreign-born population.............................................      2,879
  Entered the U.S. 1980 to 1990.....................................        392

LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME
    Persons 5 years and over........................................     88,604
Speak a language other than English.................................      9,004
    Do not speak English 'very well'................................      2,988
  Speak Spanish.....................................................      3,212
    Do not speak English 'very well'................................      1,132
  Speak Asian or Pacific Island language............................        292
    Do not speak English 'very well'................................        152

ANCESTRY
  Total ancestries reported.........................................    112,572
Arab................................................................        828
Austrian............................................................        179
Belgian.............................................................         24
Canadian............................................................        103
Czech...............................................................        150
Danish..............................................................         26
Dutch...............................................................      1,026
English.............................................................      5,350
Finnish.............................................................         25
French (except Basque)..............................................      1,120
French Canadian.....................................................        147
German..............................................................     13,963
Greek...............................................................        716
Hungarian...........................................................      2,305
Irish...............................................................     11,246
Italian.............................................................     13,253
Lithuanian..........................................................        217
Norwegian...........................................................        102
Polish..............................................................      3,600
Portuguese..........................................................         16
Romanian............................................................        384
Russian.............................................................        507
Scotch-Irish........................................................      1,058
Scottish............................................................        809
Slovak..............................................................      8,514
Subsaharan African..................................................        149
Swedish.............................................................        682
Swiss...............................................................        221
Ukrainian...........................................................      1,550
United States or American...........................................      1,429
Welsh...............................................................      1,553
West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups)......................        210
Yugoslavian.........................................................        363
Other ancestries....................................................     40,747

LABOR FORCE STATUS
      Persons 16 years and over.....................................     73,413
In labor force......................................................     35,743
      Percent in labor force........................................       48.7
  Civilian labor force..............................................     35,659
    Employed........................................................     30,086
    Unemployed......................................................      5,573
      Percent unemployed............................................       15.6
  Armed Forces......................................................         84
Not in labor force..................................................     37,670

      Males 16 years and over.......................................     32,862
In labor force......................................................     18,845
      Percent in labor force........................................       57.3
  Civilian labor force..............................................     18,769
    Employed........................................................     15,698
    Unemployed......................................................      3,071
      Percent unemployed............................................       16.4
  Armed Forces......................................................         76
Not in labor force..................................................     14,017

      Females 16 years and over.....................................     40,551
In labor force......................................................     16,898
      Percent in labor force........................................       41.7
  Civilian labor force..............................................     16,890
    Employed........................................................     14,388
    Unemployed......................................................      2,502
      Percent unemployed............................................       14.8
  Armed Forces......................................................          8
Not in labor force..................................................     23,653

      Females 16 years and over.....................................     40,551
With own children under 6 years.....................................      5,498
  Percent in labor force............................................       47.4
With own children 6 to 17 years only................................      6,223
  Percent in labor force............................................       59.5

           Own children under 6 years in families and subfamilies...      8,089
All parents present in household in labor force.....................      3,605

    Own children 6 to 17 years in families and subfamilies..........     15,590
All parents present in household in labor force.....................      7,931

    Persons 16 to 19 years..........................................      5,647
Not enrolled in school and not high school graduate.................        592
  Employed or in Armed Forces.......................................         66
  Unemployed........................................................        106
  Not in labor force................................................        420

COMMUTING TO WORK
  Workers 16 years and over.........................................     29,162
Percent drove alone.................................................       79.9
Percent in carpools.................................................       12.1
Percent using public transportation.................................        2.6
Percent using other means...........................................        1.1
Percent walked or worked at home....................................        4.4
Mean travel time to work (minutes)..................................       17.5

       OCCUPATION
  Employed persons 16 years and over................................     30,086
Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations...............      2,064
Professional specialty occupations..................................      3,161
Technicians and related support occupations.........................      1,038
Sales occupations...................................................      3,220
Administrative support occupations, including clerical..............      4,606
Private household occupations.......................................         81
Protective service occupations......................................        730
Service occupations, except protective and household................      5,344
Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations..........................        210
Precision production, craft, and repair occupations.................      3,117
Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors.......................      3,313
Transportation and material moving occupations......................      1,468
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers.................      1,734

INDUSTRY
  Employed person 16 years and over.................................     30,086
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries................................        146
Mining..............................................................         66
Construction........................................................      1,322
Manufacturing, nondurable goods.....................................        941
Manufacturing, durable goods........................................      4,643
Transportation......................................................      1,246
Communications and other public utilities...........................        707
Wholesale trade.....................................................      1,441
Retail trade........................................................      5,963
Finance, insurance, and real estate.................................      1,351
Business and repair services........................................      1,189
Personal services...................................................        953
Entertainment, and recreation services..............................        430
Health services.....................................................      4,117
Educational services................................................      2,421
Other professional and related services.............................      1,921
Public administration...............................................      1,229

CLASS OF WORKER
  Employed persons 16 years and over................................     30,086
Private wage and salary workers.....................................     24,450
Government workers..................................................      4,383
  Local government workers..........................................      2,566
  State government workers..........................................      1,177
  Federal government workers........................................        640
Self-employed workers...............................................      1,226
Unpaid family workers...............................................         27

INCOME IN 1989
  Households........................................................     36,919
Less than $5,000....................................................      5,806
$5,000 to $9,999....................................................      6,196
$10,000 to $14,999..................................................      4,860
$15,000 to $24,999..................................................      7,534
$25,000 to $34,999..................................................      5,171
$35,000 to $49,999..................................................      4,576
$50,000 to $74,999..................................................      2,083
$75,000 to $99,999..................................................        459
$100,000 to $149,999................................................        186
$150,000 or more....................................................         48
Median household income (dollars)...................................     17,060

  Families..........................................................     24,915
Less than $5,000....................................................      3,072
$5,000 to $9,999....................................................      2,755
$10,000 to $14,999..................................................      2,894
$15,000 to $24,999..................................................      5,552
$25,000 to $34,999..................................................      4,168
$35,000 to $49,999..................................................      3,988
$50,000 to $74,999..................................................      1,876
$75,000 to $99,999..................................................        404
$100,000 to $149,999................................................        167
$150,000 or more....................................................         39
Median family income (dollars)......................................     21,622

  Nonfamily households..............................................     12,004
Less than $5,000....................................................      2,958
$5,000 to $9,999....................................................      3,451
$10,000 to $14,999..................................................      1,989
$15,000 to $24,999..................................................      1,934
$25,000 to $34,999..................................................        953
$35,000 to $49,999..................................................        490
$50,000 to $74,999..................................................        158
$75,000 to $99,999..................................................         43
$100,000 to $149,999................................................         19
$150,000 or more....................................................          9
Median nonfamily household income (dollars).........................      9,037

Per capita income (dollars).........................................      8,544

INCOME TYPE IN 1989
      Households....................................................     36,919
With wage and salary income.........................................     21,921
  Mean wage and salary income (dollars).............................     24,112
With nonfarm self-employment income.................................      1,957
  Mean nonfarm self-employment income (dollars).....................     12,742
With farm self-employment income....................................         79
  Mean farm self-employment income (dollars)........................      2,719
With Social Security income.........................................     14,109
  Mean Social Security income (dollars).............................      7,566
With public assistance income.......................................      7,970
  Mean public assistance income (dollars)...........................      3,917
With retirement income..............................................      8,933
  Mean retirement income (dollars)..................................      6,688

POVERTY STATUS IN 1989
  All persons for whom poverty status is determined.................     93,344
    Below poverty level.............................................     27,109

Persons 18 years and over...........................................     68,582
    Below poverty level.............................................     15,901
  Persons 65 years and over.........................................     16,454
    Below poverty level.............................................      2,590

Related children under 18 years.....................................     24,674
    Below poverty level.............................................     11,131
  Related children under 5 years....................................      6,967
    Below poverty level.............................................      3,433
  Related children 5 to 17 years....................................     17,707
    Below poverty level.............................................      7,698

Unrelated individuals...............................................     15,137
    Below poverty level.............................................      5,947

  All families......................................................     24,915
    Below poverty level.............................................      6,070
With related children under 18 years................................     12,478
    Below poverty level.............................................      5,020
  With related children under 5 years...............................      5,181
    Below poverty level.............................................      2,429

  Female householder families.......................................      8,152
    Below poverty level.............................................      4,218
With related children under 18 years................................      5,422
    Below poverty level.............................................      3,742
  With related children under 5 years...............................      2,354
    Below poverty level.............................................      1,847

       Percent below poverty level:
       ----------------------------

All persons.........................................................       29.0%
  Persons 18 years and over.........................................       23.2%
    Persons 65 years and over.......................................       15.7%
  Related children under 18 years...................................       45.1%
    Related children under 5 years..................................       49.3%
    Related children 5 to 17 years..................................       43.5%
  Unrelated individuals.............................................       39.3%

All families........................................................       24.4%
  With related children under 18 years..............................       40.2%
    With related children under 5 years.............................       46.9%

Female householder families.........................................       51.7%
  With related children under 18 years..............................       69.0%
    With related children under 5 years.............................       78.5%

      Total housing units...........................................     40,805

YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT
1989 to March 1990..................................................        196
1985 to 1988........................................................        205
1980 to 1984........................................................        432
1970 to 1979........................................................      2,679
1960 to 1969........................................................      3,512
1950 to 1959........................................................      8,830
1940 to 1949........................................................      6,915
1939 or earlier.....................................................     18,036

BEDROOMS
No bedroom..........................................................        526
1 bedroom...........................................................      4,418
2 bedrooms..........................................................     11,874
3 bedrooms..........................................................     18,523
4 bedrooms..........................................................      4,417
5 or more bedrooms..................................................      1,047

SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS
Lacking complete plumbing facilities................................        289
Lacking complete kitchen facilities.................................        489
Condominium housing units...........................................       204

SOURCE OF WATER
Public system or private company....................................     40,657
Individual drilled well.............................................        115
Individual dug well.................................................         15
Some other source...................................................         18

SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Public sewer........................................................     40,331
Septic tank or cesspool.............................................        260
Other means.........................................................        214

      Occupied housing units........................................     37,042

HOUSE HEATING FUEL
Utility gas.........................................................     33,754
Bottled, tank, or LP gas............................................        254
Electricity.........................................................      2,069
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.............................................        208
Coal or coke........................................................         58
Wood................................................................         67
Solar energy........................................................         17
Other fuel..........................................................        328
No fuel used........................................................        287

YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT
1989 to March 1990..................................................      6,066
1985 to 1988........................................................      7,451
1980 to 1984........................................................      4,262
1970 to 1979........................................................      6,364
1960 to 1969........................................................      5,243
1959 or earlier.....................................................      7,656

TELEPHONE
No telephone in unit................................................      2,712

VEHICLES AVAILABLE
  Occupied housing units............................................     37,042
None................................................................      8,155
1...................................................................     14,499
2...................................................................     10,194
3 or more...........................................................      4,194

MORTGAGE STATUS AND SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS
Specified owner-occupied housing units..............................     21,960
  With a mortgage...................................................      9,536
    Less than $300..................................................      1,180
    $300 to $499....................................................      5,176
    $500 to $699....................................................      2,392
    $700 to $999....................................................        688
    $1,000 to $1,499................................................         87
    $1,500 to $1,999................................................          5
    $2,000 or more..................................................          8
    Median (dollars)................................................        439
  Not mortgaged.....................................................     12,424
    Less than $100..................................................        412
    $100 to $199....................................................      6,482
    $200 to $299....................................................      4,591
    $300 to $399....................................................        771
    $400 or more....................................................        168
    Median (dollars)................................................        192

SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD  INCOME IN 1989
Specified owner-occupied housing units..............................     21,960
  Less than 20 percent..............................................     13,437
  20 to 24 percent..................................................      2,612
  25 to 29 percent..................................................      1,628
  30 to 34 percent..................................................      1,017
  35 percent or more................................................      2,985
  Not computed......................................................        281
GROSS RENT
Specified renter-occupied housing units.............................     12,998
  Less than $200....................................................      3,032
  $200 to $299......................................................      3,066
  $300 to $499......................................................      5,172
  $500 to $749......................................................        783
  $750 to $999......................................................        119
  $1,000 or more....................................................         30
  No cash rent......................................................        796
  Median (dollars)..................................................        300

GROSS RENT AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN 1989
Specified renter-occupied housing units.............................     12,998
  Less than 20 percent..............................................      2,858
  20 to 24 percent..................................................      1,158
  25 to 29 percent..................................................      1,162
  30 to 34 percent..................................................        925
  35 percent or more................................................      5,668
  Not computed......................................................      1,227
 



 
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