December 29, 2012
Titriş Höyük is an Early Bronze Age city dating between 2600 and 2100 BC. During the Early Bronze Age, the city and inhabitants of Titriş Höyük prospered through their far-flung trading connections, linking the Anatolian Plateau and the high Taurus Mountain area of eastern Turkey with the lowland civilization of Mesoptamia in Iraq and northeasten Syria. Although Titriş Höyük was a village for thousands of years prior to the Early Bronze Age, it was an important city for only 500 years. After its collapse, the city was never reoccupied and today the site is covered in agricultural fields hiding its rich ancient heritage.
The Titriş Höyük Archaeological Expedition began in 1991 under the direction of Dr. Guillermo Algaze of the University of California, San Diego. In 1994, Dr. Timothy Matney of the University of Akron joined the project as co-director. The Titriş Höyük team conducted eight seasons of excavation (1991-1996, 1998-1999) and one study season (1997) as well as extensive subsurface magnetic gradiometry surveys. The results of those nine years of work are published as a series of preliminary reports. The final reports are currently in production.
Titriş Höyük is located in the Şanlıurfa Province of southeastern Turkey, on the Tavuk Çay, a small tributary of the Euphrates River. The site sits at the juncture between the high Taurus Mountains to the north and the extensive Mesopotamian floodplain stretching for thousands of kilometers to the south.
Titriş Höyük comprises four distinct morphological zones. The high mound or citadel is located along the north bank of the Tavuk Cay. The high mound was occupied for several thousand years starting at least the beginning of the Early Bronze Age(c. 3000 BC). The lower town consists of two long low lobes to the east and west of the citadel. The outer town stretches to the north of the citadel and lower town. Finally, outside of the fortified late Early Bronze Age settlement, scattered occupation has been documented in an area which we refer to as the suburbs.